"For we are strangers before thee, and sojourners, as were all
our fathers, our days are like a shadow on the ground, and there is none abiding "
(1st Chronicles 29:15)
warned by God about what he could not yet see, heeded
warning and built an ark to save his family ... "
In anticipation of a global catastrophe, the consequences of which can not be avoided, no country and no people on the planet, you need to take some action to save his family, as did Noah.
The acquisition of skills in first aid courses field medicine, relocation and construction of shelters to possess experience of agriculture and food supplies.
Therefore, residents of cities should move to the country and there to buy land. When choosing a new residence or assessment of the present, as citizens and residents of the villages, you should consider the following key factors related areas:
1) minimal exposure to destructive earthquakes;
2) protection from the effects of the tsunami, which can penetrate deep into the land to hundreds of kilometers from the coast of the oceans, seas and other large bodies of water;
3) the absence of both existing and dormant volcanoes, especially supervolcanoes;
4) did not result in areas zatoplyaemost multiday rain;
5) there is no risk of heavy rock falls, mud floods and avalanches;
6) the existence of underground sources of drinking water;
7) high values of mean annual temperature (so-called. "Warm latitude") to survive the cold snap, in particular, the first very cold and long winter;
8) the availability of land suitable for agriculture, adequate rainfall, long favorable period for vegetation;
9) Lack of towns within a radius of 100 kilometers.
First of all, to leave the place of residence to population of the islands, coasts of seas and oceans, as well as areas that are below sea level. Safe is a height greater than 1000 meters above the water in the ocean or sea. In this case, you should not settle too far from the sea (ocean) - a source of heat during cold weather, as well as additional food resource.
Do not assume that your family after the accident, unable to return to their city or house to his property. After all of the towns will disappear from the face of the earth, others will be destroyed so that they can not live. It is unsafe to stay even in the ruined cities, the recovery of which need a lot of time and effort.
2. Construction of shelters
Shelter should be built in the land of b, which will escape the ravages of powerful air shock waves. And also from the heat wave front of the hot gases and rock dust, fire vortices and tornadoes, fires, falls, meteorites, hot air, earthquakes, acid rain days-long, thick ash falls, cold.
2.1. Dwelling. Underground shelter can look, for example, in the form of a cylindrical tank (inner diameter of up to 6 meters), mounted horizontally (Fig. 1) on the hill. It does not need to dig deep into the earth, and fill a layer of insulating mineral aggregates and land with a total thickness of 2-3 meters from the top of the cylinder. Main (residential) bunker length of 15 - 20 meters and support space (smaller diameter and length) can be made of concrete or thick-walled metal sheets welded together. In the first case, you must install waterproofing.
2.2. Non-residential premises. The kitchen should be equipped with cooking, ventilation, heating, removal of food waste and household garbage, provide hot and cold process water, drain it. Under the kitchen can construct several concrete cellars, one of which is equipped with insulated pit with ice. At the other end of the housing tank (again, preferably in a separate cylinder) Place a toilet and a bathroom with the water supply and drain, ventilation and heating.
Should conduct separate (dry) room equipped shelves for long term storage of food. However, such a (cylindrical) waterproof pantry better to build underground bunkers away from residential and associate it with the kitchen with one or two sealed doors.
For installation of power equipment, filters, heat exchangers, heaters, etc. basic life support, you also need a separate cylindrical compartment associated with residential bunker two moisture and shumonepronitsaemymi doors. Unit can be placed in a refrigerator to store food products that spoil without refrigeration.
Another isolated underground room is needed for stocks explosive and flammable substances (natural gas and oxygen cylinders, gasoline, kerosene) and toxic products (chlorinated compounds, acids, bases, etc.). Such premises for chemicals, equipped separate ventilation system and fire-power unit can be set up by connecting them in a sealed steel door, resistant to high temperature and pressure.
Your underground shelter should have several exits to the surface: the main, from the premises, and two additional (transport), for example, from the pantry and energootseka. Each output should be two steel airtight hatch (lower and upper), closing the inside. The inner diameter of the hatch should allow transport large items and equipment disassembled. All outputs are located as far away from each other and from the surface of buildings that can fill them with their debris.
If there is no physical possibility or not enough time to build an underground shelter of capital, it is necessary at least to build a hut. You may need it for the period of active bombardment of Earth by asteroids and fireballs, acid rain and harsh winter (ie up to one - two years). Dugout, and even better, the dugout with all major life support systems, should be built in a place that does not fill with rainwater.
Before you build shelter, you should build a one-storey house insulated ground. The design of the house should allow for easy to recover after a possible failure of the shock wave or an earthquake. In addition to underground and surface facilities required to have any craft, especially in areas that are susceptible to flooding.
After the construction of the underground shelter, you need some time, "inhabit" it by increasing the residence time of up to two - three weeks. This will check the function of all life support systems. Identified deficiencies must be eliminated.
3. Life-support system
3) the main and emergency lighting;
4) heating (primary and secondary) and hot water supply;
7) removal of food waste;
8) Removal of household waste;
9) Fire protection;
10) against rodents and insects.
Must be reserved in advance a large number of filters to clean the air from the ash and mineral dust, soot, especially fine filters, removing the smallest particles of dust of which is problematic. Do not place the conventional air-conditioning systems, as they are not designed to work in extreme conditions, in addition, a very high power consumption.
At a time of high temperatures, then, thick ash falls (from 1 to 6 months), it is highly desirable not to escalate the air in the shelter, and use pre-stored in cylinders of oxygen. He, useful for self-contained during the exit out during ash falls.
Isolation and filter masks, respirators, thick gauze bandages should be purchased in advance. Respirators and dressings can be made the most of materials that obstruct both large and small dust particles of nanometric size.
3.2. Additional support systems. Second in importance is the system of water supply (from the well), the quality of which should be checked in advance. Also, you need to have a certain supply of drinking and process water (eg fire). You must also have filters and chemicals for cleaning, disinfecting and softening of contaminated drinking water from open reservoirs.
The main purpose of lighting, heating and hot water - to create favorable conditions for long-stay children and adults under the ground. Therefore, the more they have overlapping steps, the better. To ambient light asylum with, for example, LED lights and a diesel generator, you must add (emergency) lighting from batteries and kerosene lamps and candles.
In winter, the temperature of the soil (at depth) is much higher than the outdoor temperature, so a lot of energy to heat living spaces underground shelter is not required. However, the heating system (main and auxiliary) is required, in particular, for hot water, heating, cold supply air heating dormitories.
For a long time you can not go without hot food that can be prepared either on the electric stove or a gas stove with a tank of liquefied gas, which is much cheaper. If the heating system is provided the use of the oven, then the design should allow it to cook and eat.
Sewer system should be organized so that the stock was not underground, and went outside (eg, in a ravine) and got into a closed cesspool. In this case, the waste water from the kitchen and the bathroom better separation of waste water from the toilet and sent to another pit. Household garbage and, separately, better food waste discharged into underground chambers. In the latter case, occasionally falling asleep waste with a thin layer of lime, fly ash or ground.
All facilities as the main (residential) bunker, and additional compartments shall be provided with a fire alarm system and a centralized or individual means of fire fighting (fire extinguishers, sand box, fire tools).
These support systems need to be protected from penetrating them in the shelter of rodents, reptiles, insects (cockroaches, beetles, caterpillars, ants, flies, gnats, mosquitoes, etc.). For example, with the large-and fine-mesh metal screens, dampers, valves, ultrasonic repellent devices fumigators. To combat the already infiltrated the uninvited guests to stock up on appropriate chemical means. Naturally, they must be stored separately from food, for example, in a compartment of chemicals.
4. Natural economy
Because of the disaster have been destroyed: industry, agriculture, the international division of labor and trade. Survive only families who will subsistence farming. Even if the money (for example, silver or gold coins) can buy something.
Even today, you can go back to the independent cultivation of land, at the rate of at least 50 acres for 1 person, growing grain (rye, barley, wheat, etc.), potatoes, beet, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers and other vegetables and fruits. Gradually replacing purchased their own food.
Be sure to place a few greenhouses and hothouses of wooden frames covered with reinforced polyethylene film. They serve as a good plant protection from constantly falling out of the atmosphere dust and freezing nights. In greenhouses can grow vegetables in greenhouses - berries on bushes and fruit trees on dwarf. Well, if you manage to save the bee colony in order to pollinate your crops. For planting, other than seeds, you will need a small hand drill, and for the community - a large planter on wheels.
Can be diluted chickens, geese, pigs, sheep, cattle and horses. Note, however, that for the period of natural disasters they need to provide a separate underground shelter and a supply of food for 1 - 2 years. Subsequently, you will need a harness, horse Zbruev, medicines and disinfectants, scrapers, brushes, clippers, etc.
If you live or have settled near the river or lake, a great help in solving the food problem will be fishing. Advance purchase is not only rods, fishing line and hooks with floats, but the exact same Yatir, rakolovki, seine net. Over time, for hunting you do not need guns, because of the abundance of wild animals and birds. For a quiet hunt, you can use traps, nets, camouflaged pits.
In addition to agricultural work, Fish or hunt, your family can also engage in other activities. For example, the development of crafts, which will be needed in the future (masons, carpenters, masonry, tailoring, weaving, blacksmith, etc.). This will not only arrange the lives of your family after the disaster, but also to earn mastered the craft to life. Particularly high demand will be for the construction work and repair: from shoes to complex devices.
After all, many specialties that people hold today, the driver and the broker to computer technician and the manager will not be needed. Therefore, it still needs to learn to sew, knit, weave baskets, make drums, soap and candles, carpentry, grow wheat, to take delivery and to treat people, including the people's means, etc. These skills will be more valuable than money.
Before the start of the disaster have covered with soil and vines, berry bushes, dwarf trees. Turn off gas, electricity, water, suspended well and tightly cover the wells. Bury all that is necessary, that does not fit in an underground shelter. Boarded up windows and doors of the house.
5. Creating community survival
Survival is possible only in a hostel and mutual assistance. In such a community will be available to health care services, assisted in the handling of land and housing, the village guards, fire safety. In particular, the construction of a centralized underground shelter (the ark) for animals.
Creating communities of survival can begin even before the decision on the choice of residence. In the search for like-minded people, correspondence, personal meetings, the development of the charter of the community, you can create a group of several dozen families or families. General meeting of members of the community, after the leadership selection, may direct in addressing key economic issues: the choice of place of residence, design, financial and material support of the construction and equipment of all the underground shelters telephone and radio, creating the control room and rescue teams, and more.
All decisions must be approved at a general meeting by voting, and the principal - the secret ballot, including the election of a specific period or re-elected leadership of the community, the direction of spending community disputes.
It is desirable that in the community there were representatives of all the major professions that may be required from the builder and agronomy to the midwife, dentist and assistant. So it should not be numerous. However, the larger the community, the more nebulous and difficult it is to good governance, it needs large areas of fertile land.
Important psychological and economic factors in long-term viability of the community, in addition to successful leadership is ideological basis of its formation. Successful will be the group of people that has been created not so much by a sister, friendly, professional, ethnic or other grounds, but rather on the basis of the same views on religion, society and nature.
One of the buildings of public land should be a place of regular meetings of the members of the community, including, for Sunday worship. In addition to the hospital, you need to build a detached lazaretto.
The main task of the community - to ensure the survival of its members, both during and natural disasters, as well as after. When you need to address issues such as housing repairs, restoring fences, installation of alarm systems or purchasing guard dogs, protection from marauders and groups of armed robbers, medical, food and material assistance to the affected aliens. Cleaning the soil and land preparation for planting, public construction, renewal energy settlement, etc.
6. Electric power supply
This can be solved by pre-accumulation of fuel: wood, briquettes, coal, natural gas, diesel oil, kerosene, gasoline, dry pelletized fuel, etc. The establishment of such reserves, do not forget the fire and explosion of energy, some of whom have limited shelf life. Store fuel outside their living bunker.
You can buy a relatively inexpensive diesel generators: gasoline, natural gas, or a universal electric accumulators. For example, a car battery can provide continuous lighting of the room for about 200 hours. If we do not use light bulb, and the LEDs, then this period can be increased to almost 2000 hours.
Considered the most reliable batteries nickel metal hydride slow discharge. Their iozhno recharged from a 12-volt DC generator, over time, of a special charger and solar panels with photovoltaic cells. The service life of most batteries no more than 10 years, so buy dry energy and, separately, the electrolyte. Store, namely, dry batteries, filling electrolyte is just before use.
As a source of electric power generators can be used, such as diesel or thermocouple. However, the lack of such non-renewable energy sources is that sooner or later they are exhausted, the batteries run down, and the fuel is over.
Therefore, long-term energy supply for the organization of both individual buildings and the village in general, use of renewable energy. Today we can buy solar and wind generation plant and / or accumulation of electricity, hot water and heating. For these purposes, you can also use heat pipes or thermosyphons - sverhteploprovodyaschie device operating on the principle of evaporation-condensation of a closed circuit.
When selecting a power supply should consider not only the cost, reliability and service life, maintainability, but also the problems that can occur during removal of equipment, storage, installation and operation of the disaster. Must be purchased in advance all the spare parts, especially when it comes to photovoltaic cells and primary cells. Well as purchase lights with LED (with batteries), kerosene lamps and candles.
7. Water supply
At first, you can use water from the created reserves. However, drinking water has a limited shelf life, and to create reserves of industrial water, even at 1 year, you will need a huge capacity. For these reasons, completely solve the problem of water underground shelter or camp for a long time only with the help of electrical and / or mechanical system is a constant supply of water from a well or a deep well.
It should be noted that water can be highly mineralized, even from the well and it will have to pass through special filters softeners. In any case, a preliminary sample of water from the well is better to pay for laboratory analysis.
In case of emergency, water from open water for drinking and cooking, be sure to prepare. First, remove debris, plant debris, dirt by pre-filtering (for example, through a sieve, then cloth). Second, the subject decontamination, such as bleach or other chlorinated substances. Note, chlorinated water destroys not all harmful bacteria and viruses.
Because, thirdly, an additional final cleaning and disinfection of water by means of special filters (paper, ceramic, activated carbon, etc.). These filters must be purchased in advance or make yourself, using appropriate guidelines. Perfect disinfectant effect is boiling chlorinated To defend (to remove chlorine) water. But even at a temperature of +60 ° C for 10 minutes kills virtually all pathogens.
Another way to obtain drinking water from a dirty river (lake), swamp or sea - distilling. When contaminated or highly mineralized water evaporates, the pair arrive in the cooler (liquid or dry), where it is condensed. Condensate drains into the condensate, and the balance zemenyaetsya new batch of raw water. These stills with different energy, you can buy or make yourself, using aids.
8. Food stocks
8.1. The list of food items. The list of provisions, pledged long-term storage could include:
1) well dried cereals (buckwheat, rice, barley, rye, wheat, barley, millet, etc.);
2) dried fruits legumes (peas, beans, almonds, hazelnuts, pistachios, etc.), nut (walnut, wood, pine) and seeds (sunflower, pumpkin);
3) seasoned flour (wheat, rye, corn, barley, etc.), and pasta (macaroni, vermicelli, noodles);
4) table salt, sugar, honey, jam, candy;
5) crackers, as purchased, and his;
6) Canned fruits and vegetables in glass jars, rolled metal lids (made independently);
7) pickles and dried fruit (preferably their own, and not purchased);
8) purchased fish (in oil) and meat products with a shelf life of at least 3 years;
9) Powdered and condensed milk, dry mixes (for babies);
10) vinegar, baking soda, yeast, egg powder;
11) spices (black pepper and allspice, bay leaves, dried dill and parsley, vanilla, cinnamon, mustard, horseradish, jellies, etc.);
12) tea, cocoa, coffee, dry powders for jelly;
13) multivitamin tablets and multivitamins.
Do not create a stock of canned food only, as they have little or no vitamins and preservatives.
8.2. Food storage. If your underground shelter is equipped with a spacious refrigerator and independent system of its power, then it is quite a long time can be stored without refrigeration of perishable foods. In the absence of the refrigerator, it can replace the 2 - 3 cellars, especially if one of them is equipped with insulated pit with ice.
In any case, your food should consist of two parts: a long-term storage (3 - 4 years) and short-term (up to 12 months). In the latter case, it can be potatoes, carrots, beet, fresh and pickled cabbage, pumpkin and other vegetables, fruits, cheese, sunflower oil, corn oil or olive oil, fruit juice, smoked and cured products and other perishable products are not harvested in large quantities.
Supplies long-term storage should be kept in individual airtight containers manufacturers, or purchased bags are sealed by placing them in sealed drums and boxes, jars or plastic buckets with lids. Metal containers preferably plastic or wood, as they are, with good sealing, almost not allow oxygen and moisture. Never store food, especially flour and grain in bags or sacks of paper, textiles, synthetic fibers.
Storage Location - special room underground shelter (preferably in several separate closets). It must be protected from rodents, insects, dampness or extreme temperatures. Periodically check the storage conditions and quality of the products, replacing began to deteriorate with the new.
8.3. Storage times and rates of the products. When buying food or independent from the factory, be sure to consider the terms of its storage and application rates of products to your family. The foregoing does not apply to table salt, which does not lose its properties when properly stored, it does not happen much.
Wheat, rye, buckwheat and other grains are best kept in cereals, and not in the more familiar to us flour. For example, the shelf life of wheat flour, usually 2-3 years, and grain - at least 30 years. The consumption rate of wheat - 100 kg per year per adult.
Oatmeal is stored from 3 to 7 years, depending on the type and method of packaging (a rate of 10 kg / year for 1 person). Term storage of buckwheat is usually not more than 12 months, the rate of consumption of 4 kg / year. Corn on the cob is kept between 8 and 12 years, or in the form of refined flour - from 8 to 36 months.
Corn, sunflower and olive oil can be kept for a long time, only frozen, like butter and other fats. Per person per year is required to 50 kg / year of vegetable and animal fats. Powdered milk can be stored for more than 5 years, the rate of flow of 10 kg / year, and the sugar, honey, jam - up to 25 kg / year for one person. Canned vegetables and fruits can be stored for 2-3 years.
If you have decided to build an underground ark pet, then you should make a list of feed given dates for their storage and application rates. The basis of the amount of feed dry and granular products.
9. Stocks of non-food goods
Seeds. First of all, it is not hybrid corn and other cereal crops, intended for planting. They should be dry, pour in sealed bags and put in a sealed steel containers. Winter wheat is better suited for storage. However, for sowing, use both hard and soft wheat varieties.
However, note that not all of the seeds of various plants have good germination (after prolonged storage period) the seeds of cereals. In addition to seed, you need to stock up on potassium, phosphate, nitrogen and other fertilizers and farming tools, including lawn and garden equipment.
Medical supplies and medications. You have to buy several sets of standard first-aid kits, surgical instruments, and other basic medical supplies:
1) gauze, bandages, cotton wool, cotton swabs;
2) germicidal adhesives, tape adhesive plasters, elastic bandages, gauze bandages;
3) chemical products for the treatment of wounds, thread and needles for stitching wounds, syringes;
4) scalpels, scissors, Kocher, tweezers, razor blades, gloves, thermometers;
5) tire for fixation of fractures, drip, emergency mask.
Create a set of essential drugs list and the number of which can be coordinated with the specialist. It should include: iodine, brilliant green, hydrogen peroxide, ointments for burns, bactericidal antibiotic ointments, aspirin, herbs (St. John's wort, chamomile, calendula, plantain, valerian, celandine, echinacea), etc. In this set be sure to include and the medicines that you use all the time, as well as medicines for epidemic diseases.
Clothes. The stock of the upper and lower clothing, especially winter, will allow you not to suffer from deteriorating for several years the climate on the planet. Of winter and summer clothes (as footwear) should be impervious to water and fine dust. For the repair of clothing should stock related materials, as well as: thread, buttons, pins, zippers, etc.
Shoes. Should be comfortable and practical. Buy boots, normal, warm and boots, boots, galoshes, conventional and warm socks. Well as purchase capes, cloaks and suits of synthetic polymers that are resistant to acid rain, as well as glasses, isolating eyes from dust.
Clothes and shoes may not be much, because your family it should last for a very long time. In addition, they can give bezhantsam as a charity.
Tara. For long-term storage of liquids and solids you need drums, cans, buckets with lids, sealed boxes of stainless steel or plastic, and aluminum foil packets and plastic bags, including large collection container. Backpacks and small metal containers will be needed to carry food, at work, in the field, hunting or fishing.
Building materials. It is necessary to stock up on materials for the reconstruction and construction of surface facilities. This brick, cement, tiles, beams, planks and beams of different thickness and width, plywood, foam, window glass, nails, screws and other metal products (pipes, angles, sheet), plastic sheeting for greenhouses, etc. a great help in building works will be ladders and stairs (of varying length), especially aluminum sliding.
Liquids, powders, gels. In addition to drinking water and process water, coolants (kerosene, gasoline, diesel fuel), you'll need other liquids, powders, gels. Such as detergents, products for disinfection and decontamination (hydrogen peroxide, chlorine mixture, etc.), bottled lye to make soap. Other alkali, acid, powder, as well as oxygen in cylinders.
Utensils. For life in an underground shelter, so that in the future, in a house on the ground, your family will need various utensils. In particular, for cooking, eating, resting, cleaning, etc. For example, stainless steel pots, kettles, pots for cooking, boiling water, making tea, iron skillets, pots, irons, dishes, spoons, forks, table knives , oil lamps, candles and matches, a broom and a mop, water dispenser, toilet accessories, sports equipment, etc.
9.2. Household stuff for sale or exchange. Cheap hot commodity, purchased in advance in the future not only ease your life, but also serve as a convenient and favorable items of exchange or sale (although unlikely to paper money will have some value in those days). The list of such products may include:
1) match, especially not dampen, lighters, magnifying glasses, candles, candle wax and wicks;
2) flashlights, batteries, rechargeable power supply, LED bulbs;
3) sodium salt, sugar, tea, spices;
4) toilet and laundry soap, detergents, and other cleaning supplies, washboards, basins;
5) of dishwashing detergent, sponges, cleaning cloths;
6) Sewing Supplies: needles and threads of different diameters, safety pins, zippers, buttons, buttons;
7) Knives, especially stainless steel penknives, scissors, forks, spoons, and locks;
8) hand mills and grindstones, grindstones, grinding wheels and bars;
9) metal utensils for cooking and food storage, for food and drink, including water bottles;
10) fishing hooks and fishing line in stock;
11) medical supplies and widespread drug long-term storage;
12) cords, braids, cords, ropes;
13) water filters, tools for its decontamination;
14) mechanical and electronic watches, including watches, compasses;
15) protection against insects;
16) stationery, especially pencils;
17) toothbrushes and toothpaste, creams;
18) devices for shaving blades, manicure sets, feminine hygiene products, toilet paper, combs, brushes, sponges, mirrors;
19) steelyards, socks, sunglasses;
20) carpenter's tools, especially axes, hand saws and two-handed;
21) Bench and measuring tools, nails, screws, screws, rivets;
22) gloves, cotton and rubber gloves, safety glasses;
23), adhesives, sealants, adhesive tape (Scotch), izolenata.
10. Equipment, vehicles, communications
Therefore it is necessary beforehand to transfer electrical equipment (fans, pumps, lighting equipment, cutting equipment, tools, etc.) to 12 V DC. Mechanical equipment or buy the same purpose. For example, a hand and two-handed saws, drills, saws, grinding machine with manual or pedal-operated, mechanical pumps, winches, concrete mixer, agricultural equipment. Not electric mills, slab; minipekarni, ovens and dryers for heat pipes.
In your business activities will help more simple metalwork vice several sizes, as well as a set of clamps from plumbing to carpentry. Be sure to purchase fire-fighting equipment (foam and powder fire extinguishers, manual fire engine) and tools.
Note that you will be completely useless, not only trains and planes (if survive), but also cars, construction equipment and other benefits of a vanished civilization. Due to the lack of energy and completely destroyed bridges, tunnels and roads. We'll have to think of the most ancient of cost-effective transport - their own feet.
You can stock up on a motorcycle with a sidecar, ATVs, bicycles, handcarts different duty stretchers and other means of transportation. However, the best transport is horse and cart in summer and sleighs in winter. In other areas, it can be oxen, donkeys, camels, and other related pets.
Underground shelter should be equipped with stationary and portable shortwave radio, because other types of communications and broadcasting, including television will be destroyed. To alert the community and coordination during and after a disaster, it is necessary to establish in advance the telephone communication between all shelters and equip them with the field telephone. To duplicate, set the wireless communication between silos.
For communication with other surviving communities available amateur radio station with autonomous power source. Remember, however, that its services need an experienced operator of amateur or professional broadcasting.
11. Hand Tools and Supplies
For subsistence farming you need a quality tool: carpenter, carpentry, plumbing, agricultural. This is the next hand tools that should be reserved in several sizes and copies:
1) ax, ax, saws, planes, chisels, hammers, sledge, crowbar;
2) files, needle files, grinding wheels and bars, chisels, knives, glaziers;
3) Mechik and dies for threading
4) pliers, pliers, wire cutters, scissors, metal;
5) Set of screwdrivers and cross, sets of wrenches (collar, face, etc.), adjustable and pipe wrenches;
6) spades, shovels, cleaning ashes and snow, forks, rakes, hoes, scythes;
7) measuring tools: tape measure, rulers, squares, carpentry levels, calipers;
8) regular (non eletricheskie) soldering, solder, rosin, hydrochloric acid and phosphoric acid.
In addition to hand tools, be sure to stock up on standard hardware (hardware), in the range:
1) Bolts, screws and studs with nuts, washers and Grover different diameter and length;
2) nails, screws, screws and rivets;
3) sets of drills for metal and wood, including, Additional, a diameter of 1 to 3 mm, which are often broken;
4) saws, knives, cutters, cutters and other accessories for the appropriate cutting tools and equipment;
5) steel wire ropes, cables, chains, copper wire, aluminum wire.
This list should include special equipment, tools and supplies that you will need to practice their craft. For example, as a doctor, a welder, a hunter, blacksmith, tailor, weaver, etc.
12. Create a library
If the preceding steps to prepare for survival after a disaster, you can start at any time (the earlier the better), the collection of books for the library can be started immediately. Personal library should consist of 3 parts: general education, artistic and technical.
For general education department should collect all the textbooks (from the first class to the last), preferably in several copies. Useful as a variety of non-fiction books, including children. For this section must-buy Bible atlases, maps, maps of the area of residence, encyclopedias, dictionaries (including foreign words), and other useful for your children comprehensive literature.
You need to buy a mechanical typewriter, ballpoint, capillary and ink pens, pens, pens for ordinary, plain and colored pencils, crayons, erasers, notebooks, albums for drawing, writing pads writing paper and other office supplies.
Art department should not only consist of you and your favorite detective, prose and poetry. Do not forget, your library will be used by many generations of relatives. Therefore, this section should be included in the first place, the achievements of world literature. For example, the book of the series "Library of World Literature", "Literary Monuments", "Library of the poet," "Masters of modern fiction," "great people", the collected works of the classics of Russian and foreign literature.
Since the museum will be destroyed and their contents destroyed or looted, then your library does not hurt to have art books. For example, from the series "World Museums", "Little History of Art" or albums and books dedicated to the work of individual artists, sculptors and other artists. Be sure to collect the library of well-illustrated children's books and books for teens, including the historical and adventure, buy children's games.
Department of Technical Literature must consist of books, albums and prints from the Internet to the organization and management of agricultural work, gardening and horticulture, processing and storage of agricultural products. You also need an economic literature and advice on construction, carpentry, plumbing and installation work. If you plan to learn one or more trades, it is necessary to collect relevant technical literature. Good to have on hand technical information, advice, tips, know-how of a general nature - from physics and medicine to chemistry and biology. To the death of civilization were destroyed and useful scientific knowledge.
However, do not clutter up your library of more technical books from different areas of knowledge. A large section of the technical literature appropriate to establish a community survival. In such a centralized library may be in other departments: art, children's, educational literature.
Both in centralized and personal libraries should be mostly paper-based information, electronic can play a supporting role.
13. Last council
Noah and his family are preparing more than 100 years to the end of the evil and corrupt the human race. Alas! our generation is no longer such a long period to prepare for the end of evil, adulterous and misrepresentation of this generation. This end of the Bible, will come suddenly, but its effects will be no less tragic.